For five axis machining, the RTT with its pallet system allows for unprecedented access (five sides) to the part. Parts that are held with vises, chucks, and clamps limit the access (up to four sides), thus decreasing the efficiency of the process. Because the RTT turns on center, shorter tools and less spindle travel is required. The uniqueness of the pallet system also creates a lower profile than parts that are held with vises, chucks, and clamps thus increases the rigidity. Two pneumatic rotary joints on the rotary axis allow automated clamping/un-clamping of a number of chuck & pallet system.